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The History of Poland is rooted in the arrival of the Slavs, who gave rise to permanent settlement and historic development on Polish lands. During the Piast dynasty Christianity was adopted in 966 and medieval monarchy established.
This section is about history of Poland available in English.

Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia

The massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia (Polish: rzeź wołyńska, literally: Volhynian slaughter; Ukrainian: Волинська трагедія, Volyn tragedy) were part of an ethnic cleansing operation carried out in Nazi German-occupied Poland by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA)'s North Command in the regions of Volhynia (Reichskommissariat Ukraine) and their South Command in Eastern Galicia (General Government) beginning in March 1943 and lasting until the end of 1944. The peak of the massacres took place ...
Czytaj więcej : Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia | Odsłony : 4474 | Odpowiedzi : 1


A chronology of key Polish events

966 - Duke Mieszko I, the historically recognised founder of the Polish state, adopts Catholic Christianity.

Sheep in a village in Poland
Agriculture is an important feature of Poland's fast-modernising economy
1025 - Boleslaw I proclaims the Kingdom of Poland.

1569 - Poland signs Union of Lublin with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania to establish the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, a major power in Europe unusual for its powerful parliament of noblemen and its elected kings.

1772 ...
Czytaj więcej : A chronology of key Polish events | Odsłony : 775 | Odpowiedzi : 0


Pole who saved WWII Jews honoured

A Polish woman who helped save the lives of 2,500 Jewish children during World War II has been honoured by Poland's parliament.
Irena Sendlerowa, a former social worker who is now 97, organised the rescue from the Warsaw ghetto with the help of the Polish underground army.

Ms Sendlerowa was arrested and tortured by the German Gestapo.

She refused to divulge her activities and narrowly escaped execution when her guard was bribed to release her. ...
Czytaj więcej : Pole who saved WWII Jews honoured | Odsłony : 668 | Odpowiedzi : 0


Polish inmates help restore Jewish legacy

Before World War II, Poland was home to about 3.5 million Jews, the largest Jewish community in Europe.

Some 90% of them were murdered by the Nazis during the Holocaust. Today there are only a few thousand Jews left in Poland to look after the country's 1,400-or-so Jewish cemeteries, most of which are overgrown or in ruins.

But now prisoners have volunteered to take part in a nationwide programme organised by the prison service and ...
Czytaj więcej : Polish inmates help restore Jewish legacy | Odsłony : 676 | Odpowiedzi : 0


Rescue of Jews during the Holocaust

Despite the indifference of most Europeans and the collaboration of others in the murder of Jews during the Holocaust, individuals in every European country and from all religious backgrounds risked their lives to help Jews. Rescue efforts ranged from the isolated actions of individuals to organized networks both small and large.

Rescue of Jews during the Holocaust presented a host of difficulties. The Allied prioritization of "winning the war" and the lack of access to ...
Czytaj więcej : Rescue of Jews during the Holocaust | Odsłony : 630 | Odpowiedzi : 0


Nuns Who Saved Polish Jews

As the world commemorates Yom HaShoah Day, remembering the Jews who perished at the hands of the Nazis during Holocaust, a Polish priest recounts the heroic rescues of Polish Jews by Catholic Nuns.

As the world commemorates Yom HaShoah Day, remembering the Jews who perished at the hands of the Nazis during Holocaust, a Polish priest recounts the heroic rescues of Polish Jews by Catholic Nuns.

Poland was attacked from two sides in 1939. Nazi ...
Czytaj więcej : Nuns Who Saved Polish Jews | Odsłony : 676 | Odpowiedzi : 0


Polish help for Jewish

During World War II, against overwhelming odds, the Polish people saved thousands of Jewish lives from
Nazi persecution. It was a testament to the courage and compassion of many Poles to have risked their
lives to save their Jewish compatriots. No doubt this comes as a surprise to many people who perceive
the Polish nation as staunchly anti-Semitic. White anti-Semetism did manifest itself in varying degrees,
mainstream Polish society was sympathetic to the plight of ...
Czytaj więcej : Polish help for Jewish | Odsłony : 712 | Odpowiedzi : 0


Żegota "The Council for Aid to Polish Jews" Żegota "The Council for Aid to Polish Jews"

Hans Stanislav Kopec -Gdansk
English language revisions by Carmelo Lisciotto




Monument to Żegota in Warsaw

Poland was the principal focus of military transport for the Germans after June 1941. The country acted as a conduit for the front in Russia. Therefore, there were many targets for the Polish resistance movement and from June 1941 to December 1941, they destroyed 1,935 railway engines, derailed 90 trains, blew up three bridges and set fire to 237 transport ...
Czytaj więcej : Żegota "The Council for Aid to Polish Jews" | Odsłony : 691 | Odpowiedzi : 0


The dwarves of Auschwitz The dwarves of Auschwitz

The story of a family of dwarves snatched from the gas chamber by Josef Mengele himself sounded incredible. But how to verify the testimony of Holocaust survivors? And should you even try?
The-Ovitz-family-006.jpg

The Ovitzs (from left): Elizabeth, Perla, Rozika, Frieda, Franziska and Avram
'I was saved by the grace of the devil," Holocaust survivor Perla Ovitz told us. Again and again, she recounted in detail how she and her family ...
Czytaj więcej : The dwarves of Auschwitz | Odsłony : 991 | Odpowiedzi : 0


Observance of Polish minority rights in Lithuania- Report prepared by the Association „Wspólnota Polska” Observance of Polish minority rights in Lithuania- Report prepared by the Association „Wspólnota Polska”

Poles are the largest national minority in Lithuania. In accordance with the last population census (2001), our compatriots constitute almost 7% (235 thousand) of Lithuania’s population. Thirty-one thousand Poles live in the Salcininkai Region (80% of its total population), 12 thousand live in the Trakai Region (33% of the total population). The largest number of Poles, 104 thousand, live in Vilnius (19%), i.e. one inhabitant of Vilnius in every five declares Polish nationality. A large ...


 

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